In our country from time to time, such great people have been born who have elevated our country’s name all over the world. These great people have not only introduced their talents to India but to the whole world. Such great people are among the 7 famous great scientists in our country, who gave new discoveries to this world in the field of science. In this article, we are giving you information about the seven great scientists who are famous all over the world because of their talent.
List of Top 10 Greatest Indian Scientists
1. C. V. Raman
Sir Chandrasekhar Venkata Raman who received Nobel Prize in Physics was born on November 7, 1888, in Tiruchirapalli town of Tamil Nadu. His father’s name was Chandrashekhar Aiyar and his mother’s name was Parvati Amma. Raman’s father was a teacher of physics and mathematics, due to which Raman started reading to many of his books.
Whose fruits went ahead and invented the Raman effect related to Spectrum. This led him to receive Nobel Prize in Physics in the year 1930. The Government of India gave the ‘Bharat Ratna’ to the country’s highest civilian honor for valuable contributions in the field of science. At the same time, the United Nations also honored him with the prestigious Lenin Peace Prize. Sir Raman discovered the nature of primarily the scandal of light, the harmonic nature of Raman effect, Tabla and Mridangam. Sir C. V. Raman established Raman Research Institute in Bangalore.
2. Har Gobind Khorana
Nobel Prize Winner Dr. Hargovind Khurana is known throughout the world for gene synthesis in medicine. It was born on January 9, 1922 in Raipur, Multan (now in Pakistan).
Hargobind Khurana was born in a poor family, but Hargovind Khurana always looked after his studies. Dr. Khurana was awarded the Nobel Prize for Medical Sciences in 1968 for understanding the genetic code and for its important role in protein synthesis.
This award was shared with Dr Khurana with two American scientists Dr. Robert Holle and Dr. Marshall Nireberg. He told them that DN a. How does the synthesis of proteins work? The US has also given them membership of the ‘National Academy of Science’. He died on November 9, 2011.
3. Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar
In 1983, Subrahmanyam Chandrashekhar, who was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics, was one of the greatest scientists of the twentieth century, born October 10, 1910 in Lahore. Subramanyam Chandrasekhar is known for his search on the stars. He did very good work in the field of astronomy, physics and meth. Subramanyam Chandrasekhar was the nephew of India’s great scientist and Nobel laureate C.V. Raman.
He took his early education from his parents and took admission in Hindu High School in twelve years. He completed his bachelor’s degree in physics in 1930 and went to England for further studies. Always remember to search Chandra Shekhar “Chandrasekhar Limit” He died on August 21, 1995.
4. APJ Abdul Kalam
Famous by the name of Missile Man and former President of India Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam was born on October 15, 1931 in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu. In 1962 Dr Kalam joined the ‘Indian Space Research Organization’. Dr. Kalam is credited with making India’s first indigenous satellite (SLV III) missile as Project Director. Because of their efforts India has become a member of the International Space Club.
He had a major role in the 1998 Pokhran II nuclear test. Dr. Kalam had designed indigenous target piercing (guided missiles) and made missiles like fire and earth only with indigenous technology. Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam received many awards for his commendable work done for the society and the country, including Bharat Ratna, Padma Bhushan and Padma Vibhushan, India’s largest civilian honor given by the Indian government. He passed away on July 27, 2015 in Shillong, Meghalaya.
5. Jagdish Chandra Bose
Dr. Jagdish Chandra Bose was born on 30 November 1858 in Bengal. Sir Jagdish Chandra Bose is counted among the major scientists of India. He had much knowledge of physics, biology, botany and archeology. Bose was the first such scientist to work on the optics of radio and microwave waves and many important discoveries in botanical science. He educated his undergraduate from the St. Xavier’s College, Calcutta, in the British province of British India. Bose went to London University to get medical education but due to poor health there, he returned to India.
After coming to India, he took over the post of Professor of Physics at Presidency College and continued with his scientific experiment. He then invented a mechanical crecograph which studied the reaction of plants against different stimuli. From which he discovered that there is a great deal of similarity between the flora and facies of the tissues. He was Sir Bose who first told the world that there is life in the plants also. Dr. Jagdish Chandra Bose is considered to be the father of radio science and Bengali science fiction. He died on 23 November 1937.
6. Homi Jahangir Bhabha
Homi Jahangir Bhabha was India’s great atom scientist who is said to be the father of India’s nuclear energy program. They were Bhabha whose efforts have enabled India to be part of the world’s premier nuclear enrichment countries. Homi Jahangir Bhabha was born on October 30, 1909 in a concentrated Parsi family in Mumbai. Homi Jahangir Bhabha presented the Cosket Theory of Electron and along with it also worked on Cosmic Rays which enters the atmosphere coming towards the Earth.
He played an important role in establishing ‘Tata Institute of Fundamental Research’ (TIFF) and ‘Bhabha Atomic Research Center’. He was Bhabha who founded the Bhabha Atomic Research Institute in Mumbai. Bhabha died in a plane crash on January 24, 1966.
7. Birbal Sahni
India’s Best Paleo-Jiobotnist Dr. Birbal Sahni was born on November 14, 1891 in the village of Bheda in Shahpur district (now in Pakistan). His father’s name is Prof. Ruchi Ram Sahni was there. His father was an educationist, scholar and social worker who, since his childhood, encouraged science within Birbal.
Dr. Birbal Sahni became an Indian pagan scientist who studied the remains of the Indian subcontinent and found great success in this area. Dr. Birbal established Birbal Sahni Institute of Paleobotany in Lucknow. Their contribution in the field of puja is very valuable. Birbal Sahni’s reputation is all over the world.
8. Vikram Sarabhai
Dr. Vikram Sarabhai was born on August 12, 1919 in a prosperous family of Ahmedabad, Gujarat. His father Shri Ambalal Sarabhai was a famous businessman and industrialist. His mother, Mrs. Sarla Sarabhai, was an educationist, under whose direction the school was built at home, Dr. Vikram’s initial education was done. Responsible and educated teachers of every subject were given the responsibility of teaching the children. Apart from this, Mahatma Gandhi, C.V. Raman, Jawaharlal Nehru, Gurudev, Rabindranath Tagore used to come to visit the great men, who had received the proximity of these great men since childhood, whose wide impact was on the personality of Dr. Sarabhai. After passing the Highschool examination, he completed his Intermediate of Science from Gujarat College, Ahmedabad and went to England for higher education. There he joined St John’s College in Cambridge in 1937, and in 1939, he passed the Tripos examination in natural science at the age of 20 only.
After the start of World War II in 1939, Dr. Sarabhai returned to India and did research on space rays for about five years in the direction of Nobel laureate Sir Chandra Shekhar Venkataraman in the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore. In 1945, he again went to Cambridge and in 1947, he received his Ph.D. Graduated After this he did some research work in the Cavendish laboratory and then returned home. This time he founded the Physics Research Laboratory in Ahmedabad. While working at the post of director of this laboratory, from 1947 to 1965, he played an important role in accelerating scientific research in India. Dr. Sarabhai performed high level research on space science and atomic physics. Many of his research papers were published in famous research journals of many universities in the world.
9. Satyendra Nath Bose
Satyendranath Bose was born on 1 January 1894 in Kolkata . His early education took place in his ordinary school near his home. After this he was admitted to New Indian School and then Hindu School. Satyendranath Bose took admission in Kolkata’s famous Presidency College after completing his schooling. He was able to find the highest marks in all his examinations and got him the first place. His talent was said to be that he would become one day mathematician like Pierre Simon, Leppel and Augustine Louis Cowathy.
Satyendranath Bose in 1915, M.Sc. First of all, the examination was first class passed. Impressed by his talent, Sir Ashutosh Mukherjee appointed him as a professor. In those days new discoveries were being made in physics. German physicist Max Planck had rendered quantum theory. It meant that the energy can be divided into smaller parts. In Germany, Albert Einstein had interpreted “the theory of relativity”. Satyendranath Bose was studying all these discoveries. Bose and Einstein collaborated together to discover Bose-Einstein statistics.
He wrote an article – “Plans Law and Light Quantum”, it was not printed by any magazine in India, Satyendra Nath sent him directly to Einstein. He translated it into German and published it. This gave Satyendra Nath very prominence. He also met Einstein during his visit to Europe. In 1926, Satyendranath Bose returned to India and worked at Dhaka University till 1950. Then became the VC of Visva Bharati University in Santiniketan. He died on February 4, 1974. He will be remembered for his scientific contributions.
10. C. R. Rao
FRS is known as Kalyanudi Radhakrishna Rao, CR Rao, an Indian American mathematician and statistician. He is currently Professor Amititus at Pennsylvania State University and Research Professor at Buffalo University.
Rao has been honored with several Colocavia, honorary degrees and Festscrafts, and was awarded the American National Medal Science in 2002. The American Statistical Association has described them as “a living legend” whose work not only influences data, but has far-reaching effects on economics, genetics, anthropology, geology, national planning, demography, biometry, and medicine. For different areas in the form. “The Times of India listed Rao as one of the top 10 Indian scientists all the time. Rao is also a senior policy and statistical advisor for the Indian Heart Association, which focuses on raising awareness of non-profit South Asian heart disease.